Most importantly its wise to first prepare for the most likely disaster first. Being a gulf coast resident its hurricanes for me. Once basic most likely preps are met you can advance your survival plan for the worst SHTF scenario you can think of.
Bunker down (bug in) or get the hell outta dodge (bug out). You need to analyze the potential emergencies and have a plan for each of them. Everybody should have both a bug in and a bug out plan. Starting with the bare minimum survival fundamentals and advance from there with all out self-sufficiency being your long-term goal. With this in mind, you should be thinking of what is an absolute necessity to survive lets say for 7-10 days. Once you’ve established this your priority should be to survive longer with the same bare minimums and then I’d consider advanced preparations as ones that would allow you to live more self-sufficient. You’re advanced preps should also include education, training and skills needed to be self-sufficient. Amazingly some people here in Texas would die in the summer heat if they went without air conditioning, you don’t want to be weak to your local climate. Thankfully for me I work outside in live operating refineries wearing flame resistant clothing all day when it’s already 115+ heat index outside which has made me extremely adaptable to high heat. It’s the cold that kills me.
List and prioritize items before you start throwing your money on preparation items. Be aware of your surroundings, each region of the world has its on natural hazards like snakes, bears and alligators or chemical plants and nuclear facilities close by.
Know whats going on around you! I’ve honestly been at work when they declared mandatory evacuation for a hurricane and a co-worker had no idea we had a major hurricane in the gulf because religious purposes he didn’t own a television. I live on the gulf coast, I work outside, I follow the tropics daily during hurricane season and I check the news, weather and my bank account online every morning before leaving for work. Learn from the mistakes of others, hurricane Katrina has taught many gulf coast residents to have a new respect for mother nature.
Food & water supplies, means of accessing these supplies without the need for utilities, really what kind of disaster would it be if you still had utilities. Know when to evacuate or bug out, evaluate the situation before it arises, for example, in a hurricane prone area, is your home vulnerable to storm surge (low elevations) or high winds (mobile homes and older wood frame homes)?
If you’re in one of those vulnerable situations knowing you’ll need to evacuate be ready to do so ASAP, don’t wait on the evac orders to be declared. During hurricane Rita, it took me about 17 hours to get from my house to Fort Worth which I normally could do in 5 hours and i took a lot of back roads when possible to avoid bumper to bumper of the highways. Nearly all gas stations along evac routes was either completely out of gas or only had premium gas, but diesel fuel seemed to be available at most. With that said you should review the safety risk of both evacuation and shelter in place. Use good situational awareness to enhance your Golden Hour stay ahead of the curve.
Before we get to survival gear, understand that a real survivalist is more of mindset. In a disaster situation you want to be an asset and not a liability. Your physical and mental health should be importantly vital to successfully surviving any such scenario. Enhancing your worth as a survivalist should be part of your survival plan.
Now what we’ve got past the basics you can improve your preparedness with knowledge, skills, tools and gear required to survive and self sustain. Focus of your survival plan should examples such as:
– ability to provide shelter and protect yourself from environmental elements
– fire making and source of light such as a flash light
– perform basic first aid and medical knowledge
– maintaining good hygiene and having suitable clothing
– ability to have alternative means of communication such as ham radio
– having tools and skills to make repairs
– safety and defense
– means of travel and use of good navigation